Lovcen National Park - Countless Plants & Animal Species
Status: National Park since 1952
The territory of the municipalities of Cetinje and Budva
Geographical location: central part of Lovcen massif, from the foot of the hinterland of Boka Bay to the highest peaks
Area: 6,220 ha Altitude: from 939 m above sea level (Ugnji) to 1,749 meters above sea level (Štirovnik)
The highest peaks: Štirovnik 1,749 meters above sea level and lacustrine top 1.657mnv
Climate: Moderate continental and mountain, under the influence of the Mediterranean, with a marked mean annual precipitation (2500-3600 l / m²)
The lowest point of the National Park Lovćen is the crossroads in Krstac - 965 m above the sea level, while the highest is the peak Štirovnik - 1.749 m above the sea level, which is also the highest peak of the mountain Lovćen. The Park encompasses central and the highest part of Lovćen massif, covering the area of 6.400 hectares
Particularities of Lovćen are its lookouts.
View from Lovćen from all sides leaves an unrepeatable and unforgettable visual impression. Places that offer such distant and unrepeatable views are numerous: Jezerski vrh, Štirovnik, old road Krstac-Ivanova korita, Austrian strategic roads that lead to the mountain tops, Kotor serpentines – specific projecting and construction phenomenon. Exposed to the steep Lovćen slope and the Bay of Boka Kotortska – serpentines are an unrepeatable experience.
Most of the sacral objects and interesting ethnographic material in Lovćen is concentrated in the area of Ivanova korita and village Njeguši, famous for fantastic ham and cheese. Authentic national architecture can be seen in this region: katuns –summer settlements of farmers and old stone houses with roofs made of sawn straw or laminar limestone, village guvna - places where folk meetings were held, were people celebrated and enjoyed themselves. Around ten churches with specific church towers “distaffs» (its form reminds of the distaff) round up Lovćen landscape.
Climbing up to the mausoleum of the greatest Montenegrin poet and ruler Petar Petrović Njegoš (1813. -1851), represents a highlight of the visit to the National Park “Lovćen”. Mausoleum can be reached by the 20 kilometer road from Cetinje, followed by additional 461 steps that should be climbed to reach the mausoleum. Mausoleum is the most important work of the great Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović. It is said that Meštrović asked for a symbolic fee – Njeguški cheese and ham.
The chapel is the most impressive part of Njegoš mausoleum. It is nine meters high with the arch covered in mosaic with 200.000 gold-plated tiles. Sarcophagus reminds of traditional Montenegrin tomb, with the state emblem and a cross carved in stone, as symbols of Njegoš spiritual and secular authorities.